Investigating the genetic basis of fever-associated syndromic epilepsies using copy number variation analysis.
Fever-associated syndromic epilepsies ranging from febrile seizures plus (FS+) to Dravet syndrome have a significant genetic component.
However, apart from SCN1A mutations in >80% of patients with Dravet syndrome, the genetic underpinnings of these epilepsies remain largely unknown.
Therefore, we performed a genome-wide screening for copy number variations (CNVs) in 36 patients with SCN1A-negative fever-associated syndromic epilepsies. Phenotypes included Dravet syndrome (n = 23; 64%), genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) and febrile seizures plus (FS+) (n = 11; 31%) and unclassified fever-associated epilepsies (n = 2; 6%).
Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was performed using Agilent 4 × 180K arrays.
We identified 13 rare CNVs in 8 (22%) of 36 individuals. These included known pathogenic CNVs in 4 (11%) of 36 patients: a 1q21.1 duplication in a proband with Dravet syndrome, a 14q23.3 deletion in a proband with FS+, and two deletions at 16p11.2 and 1q44 in two individuals with fever-associated epilepsy with concomitant autism and/or intellectual disability.
In addition, a 3q13.11 duplication in a patient with FS+ and two de novo duplications at 7p14.2 and 18q12.2 in a patient with atypical Dravet syndrome were classified as likely pathogenic. Six CNVs were of unknown significance.
The identified genomic aberrations overlap with known neurodevelopmental disorders, suggesting that fever-associated epilepsy syndromes may be a recurrent clinical presentation of known microdeletion syndromes.
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 International League Against Epilepsy.