Search Results for: white matter

IMFAR 2013 – Amygdala Research – MIND Institute

Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in 2- to 5-Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder https://imfar.confex.com/imfar/2013/webprogram/Paper14393.htm Background: The neuropathology of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) likely involves abnormalities in white matter and neural connectivity patterns. Functional connectivity MRI during rest reflects spontaneous … Continue reading

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Brain Stem Growth in Autism

A two-year longitudinal pilot MRI study of the brainstem in autism. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23619132 Child Neuroscience Laboratory, Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine Abstract Research has demonstrated the potential role of the brainstem in the pathobiology of autism. Previous studies have … Continue reading

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The Immune System, Inflammation – Schizophrenia

Oligodendroglial Alterations and the Role of Microglia in White Matter Injury: Relevance to Schizophrenia. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23446060 Center for Neuroscience Research, Children’s Research Institute, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington D.C., USA. Abstract Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating mental illness characterized by … Continue reading

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Ventricular Enlargement – Up to 7 fold Risk ASD

Autism Spectrum Disorder Is Associated with Ventricular Enlargement in a Low Birth Weight Population. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23410601 Midland County Department of Public Health, Midland, MI Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation of neonatal cranial ultrasound abnormalities to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in … Continue reading

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Autism and Brain Anatomy : Enlargement

Brain surface anatomy in adults with autism: the relationship between surface area, cortical thickness, and autistic symptoms. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23404046 CONTEXT Neuroimaging studies of brain anatomy in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have mostly been based on measures of cortical volume (CV). However, … Continue reading

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Autism and Brain Volume Trajectories

Trajectories of Early Brain Volume Development in Fragile X Syndrome and Autism http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567%2812%2900499-6/abstract University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, NC Objective To examine patterns of early brain growth in young children with … Continue reading

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Microglia , the brain and Autism – Immune System Connections.

Microglia in the Cerebral Cortex in Autism http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-012-1513-0/fulltext.html Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology Comprehensive Autism Center Abstract We immunocytochemically identified microglia in fronto-insular (FI) and visual cortex (VC) in autopsy brains of well-phenotyped subjects with autism and matched … Continue reading

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Perinatal inflammation and the brain.

[Long-term cerebral effects of perinatal inflammation]. [Article in French] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22885003 Inserm U676, hôpital Robert-Debré, 48, boulevard Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France; Faculté de médecine Denis-Diderot, université Paris-7, 75205 Paris cedex 13, France; PremUP, 75006 Paris, France. Abstract Perinatal inflammation can lead … Continue reading

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Long term effects of perinatal inflammation

Long-term cerebral effects of perinatal inflammation. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22885003 Abstract Perinatal inflammation can lead to fetal/neonatal inflammatory syndrome, a risk factor for brain lesions, especially in the white matter. Perinatal inflammation is associated with increased incidence of cerebral palsy in humans and … Continue reading

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Singing Mice and Autism

Of Mice and Melodies Research on language gene seeks to uncover the origins of the singing mouse http://www.tacc.utexas.edu/news/feature-stories/2012/of-mice-and-melodies Singing mice (scotinomys teguina) are not your average lab rats. Their fur is tawny brown instead of the common white albino strain; … Continue reading

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