Search Results for: white matter

Air Pollution – Schizophrenia and Autism – University of Rochester

New Evidence Links Air Pollution to Autism, Schizophrenia http://www.urmc.rochester.edu June 06, 2014 New research from the University of Rochester Medical Center describes how exposure to air pollution early in life produces harmful changes in the brains of mice, including an … Continue reading

Posted in Allergy, Asthma, Autism, co-morbid, Environment, Immune System, Inflammation, Neurology, Treatment | 3 Comments

IMFAR 2014 – Disproportionate Megalencephaly in Autism

Disproportionate Megalencephaly: A Clinically Meaningful Neurophenotype in Autism Spectrum Disorder https://imfar.confex.com/imfar/2014/webprogram/Paper17528.html Background: Increased head size was noted in the earliest descriptions of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the prevalence of abnormal head size in ASD has been continually … Continue reading

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Brain Imaging Abnormalities in 2-3 Years Old Toddlers.

Autism Spectrum Disorder as Early Neurodevelopmental Disorder: Evidence from the Brain Imaging Abnormalities in 2-3 Years Old Toddlers. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24419870 Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition that occurs within the first 3 years of life, which is marked by … Continue reading

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Newborn Infection linked to Later Motor and Behavior Problems

Study Shows How Infections in Newborns are Linked to Later Behavior Problems http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/brainiron.htm In animal study, inflammation stops cells from accessing iron needed for brain development COLUMBUS, Ohio – Researchers exploring the link between newborn infections and later behavior and … Continue reading

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Changes in Striatum Development in Autism

Changes in the Development of Striatum Are Involved in Repetitive Behavior in Autism. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24090791 Abstract BACKGROUND: Repetitive behavior is a core feature of autism and has been linked to differences in striatum. In addition, the brain changes associated with autism … Continue reading

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Schizophrenia – Axons and Myelin

Schizophrenia: It’s in the Wiring of the Brain http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130916091025.htm Sep. 16, 2013 — Just as wires must be insulated to effectively carry electrical impulses, nerve cells must be insulated by myelin to effectively transmit neural impulses. Using typical magnetic resonance … Continue reading

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Brain Chemistry in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Atypical Developmental Patterns of Brain Chemistry in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1722813 Importance  Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms emerging during early childhood. The pathophysiology underlying the disorder remains incompletely understood. Objective  To examine cross-sectional … Continue reading

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Maternal Antibodies, Social Behavior and Autism

Maternal antibodies from mothers of children with autism alter brain growth and social behavior development in the rhesus monkey http://www.nature.com/tp/journal/v3/n7/full/tp201347a.html Antibodies directed against fetal brain proteins of 37 and 73 kDa molecular weight are found in approximately 12% of mothers who … Continue reading

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Brain Structure and Sensory Processing Disorder

Breakthrough Study Reveals Biological Basis for Sensory Processing Disorders in Kids http://www.ucsf.edu/news/2013/07/107316/breakthrough-study-reveals-biological-basis-sensory-processing-disorders-kidsi By Juliana Bunim on July 09, 2013 Sensory processing disorders (SPD) are more prevalent in children than autism and as common as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, yet it … Continue reading

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IMFAR 2013 – Corpus Callosum – MIND Institute

Longitudinal Analysis of the Corpus Callosum in Preschool-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder https://imfar.confex.com/imfar/2013/webprogram/Paper12761.html Background: The neuropathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely involves abnormalities in white matter structure and connectivity patterns. The corpus callosum is of interest because it … Continue reading

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