Quick Post – Microbes in Early Life.

Microbial Exposure During Early Life Has Persistent Effects on Natural Killer T Cell Function

http://www.sciencemag.org/content/336/6080/489.short

“Exposure to microbes during early childhood is associated with protection from immune-mediated diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and asthma. Here, we show that in germ-free (GF) mice, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells accumulate in the colonic lamina propria and lung, resulting in increased morbidity in models of IBD and allergic asthma as compared with that of specific pathogen-free mice. This was associated with increased intestinal and pulmonary expression of the chemokine ligand CXCL16, which was associated with increased mucosal iNKT cells. Colonization of neonatal—but not adult—GF mice with a conventional microbiota protected the animals from mucosal iNKT accumulation and related pathology. These results indicate that age-sensitive contact with commensal microbes is critical for establishing mucosal iNKT cell tolerance to later environmental exposures”

Research relating to Hygiene Hypothesis found here –
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygiene_hypothesis

Image: jscreationzs / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

This entry was posted in Allergy, Asthma, Environment, Epigenetics, General, Gut, Immune System, Inflammation, Treatment. Bookmark the permalink.

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