Mental Health Disorders among Children – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
The full SAMHSA 2010 report is available as PDF download here …
“One out of eight U.S. children has a mental health disorder.
Many U.S. children experienced some form of mental health disorder in the past year. Using a sample drawn from several years of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), a recently published study by Merikangas et al. (2010) reported results of parent and child mental health diagnostic interviews. NHANES is a nationally representative probability sample of noninstitutionalized U.S. children aged
8 to 15 who were evaluated in person at mobile examination survey centers. This particular study included 3,042 participants aged 8 to 15 who had participated in one
of the NHANES surveys between 2001 and 2004. Select mental health disorders were assessed, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, eating disorders, depressive disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and conduct disorders. The study provides aggregate annual estimates of any childhood mental health disorder in the past year as well as the subset of these disorders that caused severe impairment to a child’s ability to function at home, at school, in the community, or with peers. This study provides the most up-to- date national prevalence estimates of specific childhood mental health disorders within a sample that includes both school-age children and youth.
According to recent findings from Merikangas et al. (2010), approximately one out of eight U.S. children (13.1 percent) had one of the assessed mental health disorders in the past year. The most common are ADHD, mood disorders, and conduct disorders. Exhibit 4 provides national estimates of mental health disorders in the general population of U.S. children aged 8 to 15. The study found the following:
■ One of eight children aged 8 to 15
(13.1 percent) met the criteria for any mental health disorder in the past year; 11.3 percent met the criteria for a mental health disorder with severe impairment in the past year.
■ Boys had a higher rate of any past year disorder than girls. This was primarily driven by the high rate of ADHD in boys. Girls, on the other hand, had higher rates of mood disorders than boys.
■ For most disorders, there was only a minimal difference between the prevalence of any mental health disorder and the prevalence of any mental health disorder with severe impairment.”
The full 2010 report is available as PDF download here …